Saturday, December 19, 2009

6.12.2009 Greece: 1. Acropolis of Athens

I went to Athens, Greece from 5th - 10th December 2009 for a business trip. Since my colleague and I was there earlier, we went to Acropolis of Athens on Sunday (6 Dec).

The weather was fine, sunny, no rain, and a great time to walk at Acropolis.

View of the Parthenon from the bottom of the hill.

Reference Site plan of the Acropolis at Athens showing the major archaeological remains

To Acropolis...

Theatre of Dionysus Eleuthereus
The Theatre of Dionysus was a major open-air theatre in Athens, built at the foot of the Acropolis and forming part of the temenos of "Dionysus Eleuthereus" ("Dioe Liberator"). Dedicated to the god of wine and fertility, it hosted the City Dionysia festival.

The Stoa of Eumenes
The Stoa of Eumenes is a stoa on the acropolis of Athens, sited between the Odeion of Herodes Atticus and the Theater of Dionysos. It was built against the slope of the hill (meaning it needed a retaining wall supported by piers and round arches...

Other pictures on the way up to the hill.

Sanctuary of Asclepius

Odeon of Herodes Atticus
The Odeon of Herodes Atticus is a stone theatre structure located on the south slope of the Acropolis of Athens. It was built in 161 AD by Herodes Atticus in memory of his wife, Aspasia Annia Regilla. It was originally a steep-sloped amphitheater with a three-story stone front wall and a wooden roof, and was used as a venue for music concerts with a capacity of 5,000.


A Propylaea, Propylea or Propylaia (in Greek — Προπύλαια) is any monumental gateway based on the original Propylaea that serves as the entrance to the Acropolis in Athens. The word propylaea (propylaeum is the Latin version) is the union of the prefix pro (before or in front of) plus the plural of the Greek pylon or pylaion (gate), meaning literally that which is before the gates, but the word has come to mean simply gate building.

The Parthenon (Ancient Greek: Παρθενών) is a temple of the Greek goddess Athena whom the people of Athens considered their protector.

This is not an ancient relic, it a drinking water fountain.

Sanctuary of Pandion
The Sanctuary of Pandion was an open-air sanctuary or shrine at the south-east corner of the Acropolis of Athens, dedicated to Pandion I or Pandion II.

The Erechtheum (Greek: Ἐρέχθειον Erechtheion) is an ancient Greek temple on the north side of the Acropolis of Athens in Greece.

Erechtheum: The Porch of the Caryatids
On the north side, there is another large porch with columns, and on the south, the famous "Porch of the Maidens", with six draped female figures (caryatids) as supporting columns, each sculpted in a manner different from the rest and engineered in such a way that their slenderest part, the neck, is capable of supporting the weight of the porch roof whilst remaining graceful and feminine. The porch was built to conceal the giant 15-ft beam needed to support the southwest corner over the metropolis, after the building was drastically reduced in size and budget following the onset of the Peloponnesian war.

Athens from the Acropolis

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